4 Things to Know About Pickleball Courts and Equipment

Understanding the basics of pickleball court layout and equipment is essential for beginners and enthusiasts alike. This guide breaks down everything you need to know about pickleball courts and gear, setting you up for a fun and strategic game experience.


Graphic of a green and blue pickleball court from above.

1. The Pickleball Court: Dimensions and Layout

  • Size Matters: A standard pickleball court measures 20 feet in width and 44 feet in length, closely resembling the dimensions of a badminton court.

  • The Net: Dividing the court into two equal halves is a net, standing lower than a tennis net at 36 inches on the sides and dipping slightly to 34 inches in the center.

  • Baseline Dynamics: The baselines run parallel to the net at each end of the court, serving as the starting point for players to serve.

  • Non-Volley Zone or 'The Kitchen': Extending 7 feet from the net on both sides, this zone is key to pickleball strategy. Players must let the ball bounce once before playing a shot if they are within this zone.

  • Service Courts: Located between the kitchen and the baseline, the left and right service courts are where the ball must land during a serve, dictating the flow of the game.


 Photo of two pickleball paddles laying on a gree pickleball court with two red pickleballs laying nearby.

2. Pickleball Equipment: The Pickleball Paddle

  • Material Choices: Paddles come in materials ranging from wood for beginners to composite or graphite for more advanced players, affecting the paddle’s weight and impact on the ball.

  • Sizing Up: Pickleball paddles are unique, larger than ping-pong paddles but smaller than tennis racquets, with a solid face that impacts how the ball is hit.

  • Grip and Comfort: The grip is crucial for control. Most paddles feature a cushioned wrap for a comfortable grip and better shock absorption during play.


Close up of a yellow pickleball in between two pickleball paddles.

3. Pickleball Balls: Indoor vs. Outdoor

  • Design and Durability: Pickleball balls resemble wiffle balls but are sturdier. They are characterized by their holes, influencing their flight.

  • Indoor Balls: Softer and with larger holes, these balls are designed for smooth indoor surfaces and play slower, offering better control.

  • Outdoor Balls: Harder and featuring smaller, fewer holes, outdoor balls are crafted to withstand wind and harder playing surfaces, offering a faster game experience.


Group of people playing pickleball at an outdoor pickleball court.

4. Mastering the Court and Equipment

  • Understanding the Space: Familiarize yourself with the court's layout, including the significance of the non-volley zone or 'kitchen'. This knowledge is vital for both your defensive and offensive strategies.

  • Choosing Your Paddle: Consider your playing style and comfort when selecting a paddle. Beginners may start with a wooden paddle and advance to composite or graphite as their skills develop.

  • Selecting the Right Ball: Use indoor balls for gymnasiums or smooth surfaces and outdoor balls for courts in open areas. The right ball can significantly impact your game quality.


Woman serving a pickleball with a group of people at an indoor pickleball court.

Additional Tips

  • Practice on Different Courts: Play on both indoor and outdoor courts to understand how different surfaces affect your game.

  • Experiment with Paddles: Try various paddles to find the one that feels best in your hand and complements your playing style.

  • Stay Informed: Keep up with the latest developments in pickleball equipment technology. New materials and designs can enhance your playing experience.

Understanding the pickleball court layout and the nuances of the equipment is the first step in mastering this engaging and strategic sport. Whether you are just starting or looking to refine your skills, being well-informed about the court and the gear will enhance your enjoyment and performance in the game. Embrace the learning curve, experiment with different equipment, and most importantly, have fun on the court!

For more information, strategies and tips on pickleball be sure to check out USA PickleballThe International Pickleball Federation, and the Pro Pickleball Registry!


Looking for more insightful pickleball tips and strategies? Or perhaps the perfect pickleball gift?

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